A worthwhile article from the U.K.:
The story points up the many differences between the U.S. and U.K. when it comes to freedom of speech. Tweeting can quite easily constitute a crime in the UK, whereas the First Amendment in the U.S. makes it near to impossible to go to jail for a tweet.
Frank Ferguson, district crown prosecutor from Norfolk County in the East of England, identifies three types of social-media crime cases:
“Firstly, where people have committed an offence through abusing or bullying someone else, so that could be harassment or racism.
“Then we have the types of postings where the message results in an offence, such as someone is having a party, thousands turn up and criminal acts follow at that party.
“Thirdly we have seen many cases where someone has committed and offence and then goes on to social media to brag about what they have done. This is an example where it can help us to track someone down.”
Not that the first category of speech – with more – can’t constitute a crime in the U.S. because of the broad application of the First Amendment.
Also, as discussed in the article, a civil libel case in the U.K. can ruin a defendant - especially if the plaintiff is wealthy and the defendant lacks resources. It’s not just the judgment, it’s the U.K.’s loser-pays-the-attorneys-fees rule. In the U.S., with everyone bearing their own legal costs, plus with the First Amendment hurdles to libel actions, the specter of civil libel liability is much lower.